Nanga Parbat is the 9th highest mountain in the world and the western-most of the 14 8,000 meter peaks. Nanga Parbat translates to "Naked Mountain" in English. Known as the "Killer Mountain," Nanga Parbat was one of the deadliest of the eight-thousanders for climbers in the first half of the twentieth century; since that time it has been less so, though still an extremely serious climb. It is an immense, dramatic peak that rises far above its surrounding terrain. Nanga Parbat has tremendous vertical relief over local terrain in all directions. To the south, Nanga Parbat boasts what is often referred to as the highest mountain face in the world: the Rupal Face rises 15,000 feet above its base. To the north, the complex, somewhat more gently sloped Rakhiot Flank rises 22,966 feet from the Indus River valley to the summit in just 27 km, one of the 10 greatest elevation gains in so short a distance on Earth.